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Levántate y lucha conmigo


Reflexión en el marco del Día Internacional de la Mujer 2014

La historia del progreso está escrita con la sangre de hombres y mujeres que se han atrevido a abrazar una causa impopular, como, por ejemplo, el hombre negro al derecho de su cuerpo, o el derecho de la mujer a su alma.” Emma Goldman

Siempre hay acontecimientos que pasan a lo largo del año entre fecha y fecha del 8 de marzo, alguna plática entre amigos que teCollage invitan a reflexionar. Este año no fue la excepción.

Me considera una fémina que busca el equilibrio entre hombre y mujeres. Inevitablemente caes en el ámbito de términos que con el paso del tiempo se van tergiversando. Muchas veces he discutido lo que es ser feminista, equidad, igualdad y género. Reconozco no tener la pasión de algunas de mis amigas y conocidas, sin embargo, le temo a las pasiones llevadas al extremo porque ellas nublan la razón y te hacen perder el piso.

Ser mujer en nuestros días tiene múltiples connotaciones. Hoy, una mujer tiene que ser un[1] ama de casa irreprochable, una fiera como madre, una trabajadora incansable, una esposa luchadora y una mujer insaciable. Depende de la situación, depende de cada una y de sus metas. Sin embargo, es una hecho que actualmente la mujer juega muchos roles al mismo tiempo.

No debemos caer en debates insulsos, debemos crear conciencia. 8 de marzo no es un día para dar flores ni felicitaciones,  es un día que recuerda la lucha de mujeres a lo largo de los siglos, que conmemora la situación tan precaria en la que viven niñas y mujeres por la trata de personas, que invita a los gobiernos a seguir trabajando sobre legislaciones que continúan ubicando a la mujer en segundo término, las trabas que viven día a día para superarse en un mundo de hombres.

En México seguimos observando actuaciones de una ley injusta. Vemos mujeres recluidas por pagar con un billete falso, mujeres como Yakiri en la cárcel por responder a una agresión, mujeres indígenas que no son atendidas en hospitales, mujeres con un sueldo menor al de un colega, anuncios en periódicos donde solo solicitan al género masculino para determinado trabajo, cuando cualquiera con dos dedos de frente puede entender que hay tipos de trabajo que no requieren exclusividad.  Puedo seguir exponiendo casos pero no es el punto, no sirve más allá sino creamos un motor de esfuerzo, lucha y conciencia.

La sociedad sigue esperando que sea la mujer, la que se adecue al mundo, con ello me refiero a que se espera que las mujeres modifiquen su comportamiento para minimizar el riesgo y garantizar su seguridad. Muchas situaciones ordinarias orillan a las mujeres a dejar de actuar, restringe su libertad de ser personas libres y autónomas, un ejemplo claro es la muchachita que acude a su universidad en fachas, no por flojera  sino por miedo a ser acosada por sus maestros.

Usar una minifalda no las convierte en putas ni tampoco en receptor de mensajes obscenos. Un piropo es un piropo, una falta de respeto es una falta de respeto y hay un abismo de diferencia. Sus hormonas no las hacen incapaz de realizar un trabajo, nosotras aprendemos a lidiar con ello. Los hombres también tienen sus crisis y pareciera no haber razón de ello pero las hay.

Una mujer madre tiene la noble tarea de educar al hijo en el respeto, en la igualdad de oportunidades y la equidad de trato. Dejar de marcar las diferencias y desde pequeños inculcar que jamás seremos iguales en muchos sentidos pero que existe eso llamado trato equitativo e igualdad jurídica. Persuadir que estos temas no son aburridos sino la realidad de nuestra cotidianidad.

No estoy de acuerdo ni estaré en el uso de género en vocabulario, seguiré defendiendo que eso en lugar de buscar el equilibrio, acentúa las diferencias. Decir los niños y las niñas, los universitarios y las universitarios, las diputados y los diputados, etc., etc, con el paso del tiempo sólo introducirá una idea errónea porque no tenemos unas buenas bases en nuestras escuelas para encauzar la noble tarea que realmente se pretende con ello.

No es lo mismo el accionar que el decir. Las mujeres seguiremos luchando por nuestros derechos y buscando la justicia pero debemos hallar el equilibrio, comenzando por no sentirse reprimidas o discriminadas por el vocabulario, porque es la situación y no el léxico la que aísla.

Por último, mujer, sino te consideras feminista porque tu ejerces la lucha a tu manera, no te juzgo, caemos de nuevo en la dimensión desconocida de términos mal conceptuados. Pero recuerda que si hoy eres reconocida como un ser con alma, acudes a la universidad, votas y eres votada, una agresión contra ti es castigada, no eres propiedad de nadie es porque una mujer lucho por ello, y puede que hasta la vida haya dado por la causa.


[1] Regla ortográfica: se antepone el artículo “el” a los sustantivos femeninos que empiezan por “a” o por “ha” tónicas, con acento gráfico o sin él. Esta regla busca evitar la cacofonía. Ejemplos: el hacha, el alma, el agua. Lo mismo ocurre con “un”

 
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Publicado por en marzo 8, 2014 en relaciones internacionales

 

Reasons why Russia invaded Ukraine


The geo-strategic reasons of Russia to invade Crimea

By Tania Navarro

The peninsula of Crimea in southern Ukraine is at the center of what is being seen as the biggest crisis between Russia and the West since the conflict in 2008, with Georgia.  That war ended in humiliation for Georgians had no how to defend against a Russian attack. South Ossetia and Abkhazia were recognized by this Eurasian country as separate states and, today both territories are regarded Russian protectorates.

West, on that occasion, could not do anything. They look out for of the corner of their eyes as a simple spectator. George W. Bush made a mobilization to the Mediterranean Sea but the drama did no further consequences. However, what happens in Crimea is something completely different by various factors. Europe is not prepared to tolerate the conflict escalation because that it would not turn out alright for European borders where there are still many separatist groups nor it would yield nothing good for the economic situation of the European Union.

Crimea is larger than South Ossetia, it is the equivalent of the territory of Belgium, it is bigger than Georgia, and various ethnic groups for centuries have inhabited this peninsula, making it naturally unstable. Nowadays, the population is severely divided by recent historical events and Russian intervention represents a higher risk for regional stability.

Demonstrations that overthrew a government

Since last year there were demonstrations in Ukraine. A few weeks ago, they became massive and violent, raising the tension and causing the collapse of the Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovich, who had recently  signed with opposition leaders  an EU brokered agreement on ending the political crisis in the country.

This actor seems to be closest to the Kremlin. First, by the treaty adopted in 2010 where Ukraine sign over the several rights to Russia in Crimea, and second, because in a sent letter to Putin, that was quoted in the third emergency meeting of the UN Security Council by the Russian Ambassador, Vitaly Churkin, the ousted president requests to Putin, the use military force in Ukraine to restore law and order.

Yanukovich is not considered overthrown, he said the legitimate President of Ukraine and he has vowed to continue fighting for the future of their country. Hereof, Russian government  have used stating that the dispatch of troops was requested “to defend the Ukrainian people”, when the reasons for weight are other.

The importance of Crimea

Crimea is an autonomous republic within Ukraine and elects its own   parliament. In 1995, it has eliminated the position of president, since a separatist pro-Russian had won the election.

The ethnic groups that stand out are the Tatars and the Russians. For this reason, the recent tensions that if living in this region in the north of the Black Sea, are the result of centuries of deep divisions along ethnic, religious and political mainly between these two.

On the one hand, the Crimean Tatars, an ethnic group of origin Semirechye Muslim who originally resided in the peninsula but was deported in mass by Stalin in 1944 , by his alleged collaboration with the Nazi invaders. This group, with the collapse of the USSR in 1991, began to return to their mother earth causing persistent tensions with the Russians. On the other hand there is the population of Russian origin who just sat there, despite the fact that in 1954, the then Soviet Union ceded control of the territory to Ukraine. In addition the military bases of the Eurasian giant on this peninsula, have also allowed the establishment of a population pro-russian.

In Crimea, there are cities that are more Russian that Ukrainian, as is the case of Sevastopol which is the home of the Russian fleet in the Black Sea, military base that continues to belong to Moscow despite the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The Tatars are supporting the new interim government of Ukraine; the Russians were opposed to the politicians of Kiev, whom they regard as fascists.”

The area is very important because it is the path of global trade and pipelines carrying oil and gas from East to West. Historically, Russia has controlled Crimea from the XVIII century, exactly since 1783; have been more than 200 years in this country had in one way or another the control. The fact, that Nikita Khrushchev has transferred Crimea, is considered a historic mistake by various geopolitical reasons, since the ports in this area are those who allow the Russians to deploy ships to the Mediterranean Sea.

In 1994, Russia undertook to defend the territorial integrity of Ukraine in a memorandum of understanding signed with the United States, Great Britain and France, in exchange for this renounce nuclear weapons inherited from the USSR. In 1995, the then president Boris Yeltsin, achieved through an agreement with the Ukrainian government then leaving the bulk of their ships, landing troops and aviation of the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol.

Now Crimea, is the center of a storm that could lead to a clear intention separatist, supported by the Russians, who under the argue to defend its people and national interests have sent more troops to the area.

The port of Sevastopol 

The Russian military presence in this place is totally normal, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the city remained under Russian sovereignty, while the rest of the peninsula of Crimea became part of Ukraine as an autonomous republic.

In 1997, Russia and Ukraine, signed a treaty by this naval base, and by the that Kiev was giving way to Moscow three bays for a period of 20 years with an annual cost of $100 million, which would be deducted from the Ukrainian debt with the Russian Federation.

Already in 2010, Ukraine has renegotiated the agreement with Russia that lasted until 2042 the lease of the military zone of the port in exchange for a substantial reduction, 30 %, in the price of Russian gas over the next 10 years, the equivalent of $40.000 million. In addition, this agreement enables the Russians have up to 161 aircraft in the air bases of Kacha and Gvardeyskaya, 388 warships and other vessels on Ukrainian waters, and up to 25000 soldiers in the ports of Sevastopol and Fedosia.

The agreement also stable Russian personnel must not remove or meter military equipment or vehicles outside the area of the base without the permission of Ukraine. Hence, the anger and violation of the Ukrainian sovereignty when the Russian parliament approved sending 6000 troops to the region. Obviously, in the first instance the Ukrainian government interpreted the action as a declaration of war.

All this suggests that Russia does not seek control of the area, and she had. We were just spectators of the deployment of the military infrastructure to which the local Ukrainian force, relatively, can do nothing, and so make it clear where to look at the interests of Ukraine.

The geostrategic matter of Crimea

This is not the first time that presents a conflict in this area, Sevastopol has already witnessed a war between 1853 and 1856. That conflict was raised between Russia, the Ottoman Empire and the western powers represented by France and Great Britain; the tsarist Russia was militarily defeated.

There are many reasons that the West, mainly to Europe is concerned about what happens in the Crimea. One of them is that 80 % of Russian gas exports to Europe, goes through the Ukraine; and 40% of the gas that is imported into Europe comes from Russia. In the event of a military escalation, the Europeans would be exposed to a crisis of hydrocarbons.

The current Russian incursion in the Crimea, could only be threatened by with the West with the promise of political and economic isolation. For the moment, the great Russian nation has been expelled from the G8.

You must understand that nor Russia can allow demonstrations escalate, it is not good to their national interests, the ports in the Crimea are its output to the Mediterranean sea. Nor does it favors neither want Ukraine to attain a democratic government.

The solution lies in…

The former Ukrainian government waste the money, it was a very bad management that fell in the demonstrations now views. Any solution that can be given to this country by necessity requires include financial institutions and to the West. Ukraine is on its way to the economic debacle and requires external financing.

Gazprom announced that Ukraine owes US$1.500 million by gas, the company warned that the European country  could not keep the discount it has enjoyed in the imports of Russian gas to less to pay his debt.

Russia in spite of the imperial nostalgia, cannot afford to encourage the separatist nationalism in Crimea. The West on the other hand, not being able to continue to allow Vladimir Putin do what he pleases without consequences, because now is Crimea, and then you’ll want to something more.

Original en http://www.siete24.mx/siete24/especiales/78378-las-razones-geoestrategicas-de-rusia-para-invadir-crimea.html

 
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Publicado por en marzo 7, 2014 en relaciones internacionales

 

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Apaga Televisa


Apaga Televisa, enciende el cerebro y corre la voz
Tomate el tiempo, sinceramente lo haces para cosas sin sentido u objetivo, entonces hazlo ahora

Apaga Televisa, enciende el cerebro y corre la voz
Tomate el tiempo, sinceramente lo haces para cosas sin sentido u objetivo, entonces hazlo ahora

 
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Publicado por en noviembre 8, 2013 en relaciones internacionales

 
 
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